Endive, Green Curled Ruffec

The Green Curled Ruffec is a classic heirloom endive that adds a tasty and unusual punch to any salad or mesclun mix. Plant Green Curled Ruffec endive indoors or out and enjoy a bountiful harvest.

green-curled-ruffec-endive_200x200 Plant Info:

  • Botanical Name: Chicorium endiva “Green Curled Ruffec”
  • Other Common Name(s): “Green Curled”, “Ruffec”
  • Size: 15 inches heads
  • Type: Endive
  • Days to Maturity / Harvest: 90 Days
  • Sun / Shade: Prefers Sun / Will tolerate some shade
  • Hardiness Zones: All


Endive seeds are very fine. When planting in rows, spread the seeds as thinly as possible. Cover the seeds with a very fine layer of loose soil or starting mixture. Water lightly, and keep soil moist. Thin plants to 6″ apart, in rows 18″ apart.

Tip: Some people sprinkle the seeds on top of a fine soil, and just water them in.  Endive are good candidates for container gardens. Try growing Endive in a container on your patio or deck.  Endive likes cool weather and lots of moisture, in rich, well drained soil. Provide an even amount of moisture and fertilizer. Liquid fertilizer works well.  Weed the patch regularly, as weeds will compete for moisture and nutrients.


Endive grows slower than most lettuces. You can harvest leaves as soon as it is big enough to use.


A variety of insects can pose a real problem. Lettuce is delicate and can absorb many insecticides. If you want or need to use insecticides, look for brands that are less harmful to you and the environment. We like to avoid insecticides on leafy vegetables wherever possible. we suggest organic sprays, and a willingness to give up some of the harvest to insects, versus using pesticides. After all, one of the reasons most of us have gardens is to avoid the pesticides.

Slugs are a real problem for all types of lettuces. There are a variety of control methods. More on Slugs and snails.


Disease problems are few, except in wet or hot weather.


Like other lettuce, Endive thrives in cooler weather, with moderate moisture. It is not fond of mid-summer heat, or dry conditions.

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